Your car is back from the shop, your mechanic said it was just a routine maintenance job, and all looks great, but something just seems off. You pop up the hood, and well, this doesn’t look great: the coolant reservoir cap is missing.
A missing coolant reservoir cap can cause your car to loose coolant and overheat. The low coolant level will lead to a rapid rise in engine temperature. If left unchecked, the hot temperature can cause your vehicle’s internal components to fail and eventually damage your engine.
But how can a small plastic lid impact your cooling system? In this article, I’ll cover everything from what to do if you’re missing a reservoir cap to why these caps are so important in the first place.
Is a Coolant Reservoir Cap Important?
If your car is overheating and you’re not sure why, you might be missing a coolant reservoir cap. A damaged or missing cap can be one of the causes of the coolant level dropping, which can lead to overheating.
A coolant reservoir cap is an important part of the cooling system. The reservoir supplies coolant to the engine, and the lid prevents spills and leaks. A missing or faulty coolant reservoir cap can cause problems in the cooling system, leading to expensive repairs.
Despite its seemingly simple appearance, your coolant reservoir cap is essential to your vehicle’s overall cooling chain. Most people don’t think about this small component until something goes wrong.
The coolant reservoir is a plastic tank located in the engine bay and holds coolant. This coolant is essential as the engine constantly flushes and absorbs the coolant as it cools down. To better understand the coolant reservoir tank and its cap, let’s examine a vehicle’s cooling system and how the reservoir tank functions.
How an Engine Cooling System Works
An engine cooling system is a vital part of any vehicle, as it helps to keep the engine running smoothly and at its best. The cooling system consists of several separate parts, all of which work together to keep the engine running cool and optimized. Here’s a closer look at how an engine cooling system works and what each part does.
Since engines generate a lot of heat, there must be a system to disperse this heat adequately; otherwise, it can permanently damage the engine components. In order to address this issue, all engines have a cooling system. At one point in the history of automobiles, air cooling was a standard feature. Nowadays, most cars rely on liquid cooling systems to deal with the heat from the reaction of gasoline and friction in the engine.
A car’s cooling system is made up primarily of the following components:
- The radiator.
- The fans.
- The water pump.
- Radiator hoses.
- Coolant reservoir tank.
A cooling system is an integral part of a car’s infrastructure. It keeps the engine running at its best by circulating coolant around it to maintain a constant temperature. Let’s look at how this works while ensuring the engine is at its best every time.
When you turn on your car, coolant from the tank runs into the water pump. It circulates continuously through the engine via water jackets, soaking up the heat. As the hot coolant flows to the radiator, cool air comes in through the grille and reduces its temperature. Then, it returns to the engine, replaces the hot coolant, and the cycle continues.
Although engine temperatures may vary, it’s vital that they not fall too low. Between 195°F and 220°F (90°C and 104°C) is the ideal range. The thermostat closes to keep the coolant in the engine when the engine needs to warm up. The valve opens when the temperature is high enough, allowing the hot liquid into the radiator. The thermostat constantly regulates this movement to keep the temperature on target.
Having seen the importance of a coolant reservoir cap and how a cooling system works, in the next segment, I will address the question of whether it’s possible to drive without a coolant reservoir cap.
Can You Drive Without a Coolant Reservoir Cap?
Just like it’s important to fill up your tank with the right fuel, you should value your cooling system as well. While driving without a coolant reservoir cap may seem like a simple mistake, it could have serious consequences.
You can drive for a brief distance without a coolant reservoir cap in an older vehicle with a clip-on tank cap, and the reservoir is just an overflow tank. However, in modern cars, you shouldn’t because the cap is pressurized and is part of the cooling system.
Even though my answer is partly yes, let me explain in detail.
You see, a coolant reservoir cap is a pressure cap that helps maintain the correct amount of pressure in the cooling system when the vehicle is in use. In addition, the cap prevents coolant from boiling over and spilling onto the engine bay. In addition to that, the reservoir cap prevents contaminants from getting into the coolant reservoir.
For the cap to effectively contain the pressure and prevent debris from getting into the tank, it must be in the proper position.
Most vehicles have a coolant reservoir tank as part of their pressurized cooling system, not simply an overflow tank. The lid acts as a pressure relief cap. Without this cap, the cooling chain will be incomplete.
On the other hand, the reservoir tank or overflow tank in older vehicles is merely an unpressurized atmospheric tank. In this scenario, the cap’s principal function is to keep the coolant clean of contaminants. In the short term, this will not be a problem. However, as dirt accumulates in the exposed coolant tank, it will eventually get into the cooling system, causing damage.
What Do You Do if You Lose Your Coolant Cap?
A missing cap on your car’s coolant reservoir could spell trouble. The purpose of the cap is to maintain pressure along with the cooling system and prevent the coolant from spilling out. If the lid is badly fitted, heat and pressure from the engine will cause it to fly off, potentially leading to engine damage.
As soon as you realize your coolant cap is missing, don’t drive your vehicle. Call a mechanic for a replacement or buy another if you can. Continuing to drive the car will only lead to more severe problems.
In case your coolant reservoir cap is missing, replacing it should be your top priority. The reservoir cap serves two primary purposes:
- Keeping the coolant from escaping.
- Preventing a vacuum inside the cooling system.
If you were out there on the highway only to discover later that the cap is missing, switching off the automobile and summoning a mechanic to bring a suitable replacement is critical. Should you be near a gas station, walk over there and see if you can find a replacement. Not replacing this small item can cause a major engine issue that would be difficult and expensive to fix.
How Do You Make a Temporary Coolant Cap?
You can fit a PVC cap or foil onto the opening and wrap it tightly with duct tape. Such a temporary adjustment should be applied if only the coolant tank is not a part of the pressurized cooling system. Doing so will help minimize the amount of coolant that might spill out.
You won’t get away with duct tape and foil with a modern engine where the reservoir tank is a link in the pressurized cooling system. The foil or PVC cap will not allow pressure to build up. As a result, the cooling system won’t run properly. In reality, the coolant will boil at a low temperature, bubble over, blow off the makeshift cap and spew coolant all over the engine bay: leaving nothing in the tank.
The coolant reservoir controls the flow of coolant into the cooling system, which is crucial if you want your engine to run at an optimum temperature. Your vehicle’s engine will receive coolant from this reservoir while driving, and the fluid then circulates through the engine dissipating heat. If there’s no cap on this tank, the coolant won’t flow well enough to absorb the heat, and extreme temperatures could damage the engine.
Therefore, having a working cap on your coolant reservoir tank is crucial for optimal performance. Without one, you risk damage to the engine, other parts of your vehicle, and expensive repairs down the road.
Coolant Reservoir Cap Replacement
Your car’s coolant reservoir and the entire cooling system are critical to your vehicle’s performance. Those components are responsible for keeping your engine running smoothly; if they aren’t working correctly, your car will struggle to run. Therefore, constant monitoring of the reservoir cap is essential. The consequences could be severe if missing, damaged, or defective.
If your car’s coolant reservoir cap is missing or generally defective, replace it as soon as possible. Not only will a faulty cap reduce the effectiveness of your car’s cooling system, but it will lead to wastage of coolant.
Thus, it is helpful to know where to buy a replacement cap and how to fit it on properly. Replacing and fixing the coolant reservoir cap is pretty straightforward.
First, you can grab a new cap from any auto parts store. Make sure it’s compatible with your car model. Next, you can also check online for reviews about different types of caps if you’re looking for something specific. Identify the correct size reservoir cap, as it must match up with your original cap so that when in place properly, it fits snugly.
A coolant reservoir cap is essential to your car’s cooling system. It helps keep the cooling system at a consistent temperature, preventing overheating and damage to the engine. If the reservoir cap is missing or damaged, it can cause your car to overheat and fail. Make sure to keep your reservoir cap in good condition by replacing it when it’s faulty. Also, remember to top up your coolant so that your car’s cooling system remains in good shape.
You might also want to read: Does the Car Need to Be Running When Adding Coolant?